When college students multitask by using Facebook and studying simultaneously, they get lower grades—20% lower—than those who don't have their Facebook profile running within their visual range.
The study, conducted by Dutch psychologist Paul A. Kirschnera and Ohio State researcher Aryn C. Karpinskib, examined the study habits of 219 U.S. university students between the ages of 19 and 54. The grade point average of the Facebook multitaskers was 3.06, compared to 3.82 for nonusers.
"The problem is that most people have Facebook or other social networking sites, their e-mails and maybe instant messaging constantly running in the background while they are carrying out other tasks," Kirschnera said in an interview with Britain's Daily Mail. "Our study, and other previous work, suggests that while people may think constant task-switching allows them to get more done in less time, the reality is it extends the amount of time needed to carry out tasks and leads to more mistakes."
Kirschnera concluded the study shows, "We should resist the fashionable views of educational gurus that children can multitask, and that we should adapt our education systems accordingly to keep up with the times."